From www.histoire-image.org/pleincadre/index.php?i=546, via Google Translate:
Establishment of National Day
Before the building of the Republican majority in the 1879 elections, the royalist MacMahon, discouraged, resigned from the presidency of the Republic and is replaced by a moderate Republican old Jules Grevy (1807-1891). Now all orders of power, the Republicans take symbolic measures simultaneously transfer of the seat of government to Versailles (1871) in Paris (1879), amnesty for convicts of the Commune (10 July 1880), adoption of the Marseillaise as the national anthem (1879) and of 14 July national holiday (July 6, 1880).
This first national festival aims to measure the event, in Paris and in the provinces but to enhance domestic local views as in Angers, Maine-et-Loire department Catholic and conservative.  Voting for the “Republic” brought together supporters of freedom and secularism who want to establish without delay equality through universal suffrage and genuine popular sovereignty. However France 1880 is neither unanimous nor peaceful, and the new rulers do not openly display their doctrine: time is not propaganda, but the Republican opportunism.
Throughout the festive program adopts the same ritual: concerts in the gardens, decoration of some places, illuminations, fireworks and indigent relief distributions. In Paris must dominate the distribution of new flags to the army, at Longchamp.
Author: Marie-Luce Albiges